FRANÇOIS DELSARTE’S DOCTRINE AS THE BASIS FOR THE CREATION OF MODERN DANCE
Keywords:modern dance, rhythmic and plastic dance, François Delsarte, Sergei Volkonsky, aesthetic gymnastics
The article discusses the study of the teachings of François Delsarte, in which an attempt is made to understand the stages of the origin and development of modern dance in different countries. This teaching spread to two countries: the USA, Germany, then it penetrated into Russia and became the basis for the creation of rhythmic and plastic dance studies. All the ideas embodied in the study of the François Delsarte system served as a good basis for the development of a new dance direction at the end of the 19th century. Today, this new dance direction is known to all of us as modern dance. Each country, having its own customs, worldviews and history, interpreted it in different ways: in the USA it was called modern dance, in Germany - expressive dance, and in Russia - rhythmoplastic dance.
These phrases had different purposes: several generations of modern dancers in the USA used their ideas and developed the terminology of modern dance in English. Germany had its own interpretation, but since it was not a widely used international language, the terms did not come into use. Today, in Germany and elsewhere in Europe, these terms are also used in English.
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