THE ROLE OF "ENFIAJYANTS" PUBLISHING HOUSE IN 1856-1870 IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMENIAN TYPOGRAPHY OF TIFLIS
Keywords:, Avetik and Hambardzum Enfiajyants, Gabriel Sundukeants, doctor Davit Rotineants, publisher Markianos Rotineans, Armenian printing, Tiflis
In 1512, the first Armenian books were printed in Venice, Italy. In the following centuries, Armenian publishing houses were opened in other countries of Europe and Asia, thus Armenian books, periodicals were printed. But only in the early 19th century, printing entered the Caucasus, the Georgian-Armenian reality. In 1819, the Armenian publishing house was founded in Tiflis by Archbishop Nerses Ashtaraketsu, leader of the Armenian Diocese of Virk. It was not only the first in Armenian, but also in Georgian reality.There, the first Armenian book was printed in 1823.
The article reveals one of the most important centers of Armenian printing in Tiflis, the "Enfiajyants" publishing house in the years 1856-1870. In the first stage it was opened by the brothers Avetik and Hambardzum Enfiajyants in 1856, then it passed to Hambardzum Enfiajiants (1857-1859), in the second stage Hambardzum Enfiajyants cooperated with Gabriel Melkoumeants (1859-1863). A new phase began in 1863, Hambardzum again managed the publishing house alone. Gabriel Sundukeants and Davit Rostineants (1864-1870) collaborated with him in 1864-1870. Probably due to financial complications, in 1881, the publishing house passed to Markianos Rotineantsi, one of the associates’ son, Davit Rotineantsi.
Azgaser, politicheskij, moral'nyj i filologicheskij zhurnalist (Azgaser, political, moral and philological journalist ). (1847). Araratskoe obshchestvo, Kal'kutta, № 122, 396-399.
Ericyan A. (1890 g.). Po sluchayu Grigora Arcrunu i pyati let ego literaturnoj deyatel'nosti(On the occasion of Grigor Artsruni and five years of his literary activity). (1865-1890). Aror.
Langlua V. (1863 g.). Movses Horenaci i ego istoriya(Movses Khorenasy and his history). Tipografiya H. Enfiayanci, Tiflis.
Leo (1912). Den' armyanskoj knigi(Armenian Book Day). Miss N. Elektronnaya tipografiya Aganyana, Tiflis.
Karapetyan S. (2003). Mery Tiflisa(Mayors of Tiflis). Izdatel'stvo "Nauka" NAN RA, Erevan.
YAkov Karenskij (1857 g.). Prepodobnye Sarkis Teodoryan, Gabrieli Ajvazyan i Amvrosij Galfayan vernulis' v Svyatuyu Cerkov' zaliva Prosveshcheniya Armenii(Rev. Sarkis Teodoryan, Gabrieli Ayvazyan and Ambrose Galfayan returned to the Holy Church of the Gulf of Enlightenment of Armenia). Tparan+ Ambarcum Enfiadzianci, Tiflis.
Armyanskij mir (1867 g.). (Armenian world).ZHurnal, 1, 70.
Armyanskij mir (1870 g.). (Armenian world).ZHurnal, 2, 61-62.
Otec Garegin Zarbhanalyan (1898). Istoriya armyanskogo knigopechataniya ot nachala do nashih dnej(The history of Armenian printing from the beginning to the present day). Tipografiya S. Gazara, Veneciya.
Mhitaryan M. (2002). Horen Stepanej(Horen Stepanej). Armyanskij mir.
Svidetel'stva istorii Armyanskoj cerkvi(Evidence of the History of the Armenian Church). Tom. kniga I. (2019). Izdanie Pervoprestol'nogo.
Tigran Ayazn, Kazaryan G. (2009). 1000 armyanskih generalov, admiralov(1000 Armenian generals, admirals). Erevan, avtorskoe izdanie.
Poezdka Armyanskogo Patriarha Atrpatantov arhiepiskopa Georgiya Vekhapedyana v Tegeran. (1866).(Trip of the Armenian Patriarch of the Patriarchs Archbishop George Vekhapedian to Tehran). tipografii Ambardzumaj Enfiadzhyans i kompaniya Tpyhis.
Oganyan Ajr Vaan Vardapet (2020). Prepodobnyj otec Gevond Pis'ma, adresovannye Alishanu(Reverend Father Ghevond Letters addressed to Aliskhan). Tom. A. CHast' (1–2-e izd.). Veneciya-S.Lazar, CRC god.
Copyright (c) 2023 Author and Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.