REQUIREMENTS OF THE STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARD FOR PRESCHOOL EDUCATION OF THE RA
Keywords:state standard of preschool education, competence, ability, educational outcome
The article discusses the peculiarities of a competence-based model aimed at improving preschool education, in the context of which the role of a preschooler’s competent development is justified. Hence, a preschooler’s basic competences are described, which are forms of effective and appropriate response based on the acquired knowledge, skills, values and attitudes. Therefore, a preschooler’s ability, fixed by knowledge, is important to develop which contributes to the acquisition of attitudes and values. The fundamental competencies of the 21st century are also presented, which are combined with the competences provided by the preschool educational standard. As a result of the study, a sequence of steps of the pedagogical process aimed at the manifestation of a preschooler's competences was developed, the basis of which is the unification of the areas of development and the separation of joint educational outcomes - separation of abilities. The process of formation of joint educational outcomes of the converging areas of development contributes to the manifestations of the abilities to recognize, act and live together. The assessment of own competences by a child is also discussed, as a result of which abilities of self-evaluation are formed, which help a child to understand and objectively analyze own achievements.
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